This video will look at how to use the NFS server and client features in Windows as well as a quick look at Ubuntu. There is a lot to NFS and this video just covers the basics.
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0:25 – We will now take a look at my computer running Windows Server 2012 R2.
0:32 – First we will open Server Manager from the quick launch bar.
0:37 – Select “Add roles and features” to start the Add roles and features wizard.
0:43 – As we will be installing this on a local server, we will leave the first two screens as their defaults and click next.
0:49 – On the Server Selection screen, we will select the local server ‘NYDC1’ from the list and click next.
0:56 – On the Server Roles screen, we will select the NFS Server role. (We will discuss the client component later on in the video.) Expand ‘File and Storage Services’ and then expand the sub-category ‘File and iSCSI services’ then select the Server for NFS component.
PLEASE NOTE: Windows may prompt you to install additional features. If this is the case, select’ Add Features’ when prompted.
1:35 – Click next.
1:37 – The next screen will ask if you would like to install additional features. In our case today, we do not need any additional features so we will just press next.
1:45 – With the required roles selected (and additional features added if necessary), we will be on the last screen of the wizard. We will press install at this point to initiate the install of the selected roles and features. The installation will take a few moments to complete so we’ll pause the video and return when it’s done.
1:59 – Once the install is complete, we will close the wizard and then open up Windows Explorer.
2:07 – We’ll select the D Drive and create a new folder called ‘Data’. This will be the folder we share using NFS.
2:12 – Next, we will create a text document called “Data folder on NYDC1.txt” so when we connect to it later in the video using the client, I can identify it.
2:28 – With the folder now created, the next step is to share it. To do this, we will right click on the folder and select properties.
2:37 – To share the folder using NFS, select the NFS Sharing tab.
2:43 – On the NFS Sharing tab, press the button “Manage NFS Sharing” to bring up the NFS sharing dialog.
2:49 – To share the folder, tick the option at the top “Share this folder”.
2:55 – With the folder shared, there are some additional options that can be configured, but that is beyond the scope of this video.
3:04 – If you notice at the top, there are options for Kerberos if you want to utilize Kerberos for security.
3:11 – In our case, I will select the option “Allow anonymous access”. This will allow the NFS share to be accessed without a username and password.
3:20 – Next we will determine which computers we will enable to access the share. To do this, we will press the permissions button.
3:31 – We see by default that all machines have the “allow read-only access” to the share.
3:35 – To add additional permissions, we’ll select the Add button.
3:38 - In this case, I will add the computer NYDC1, which is the server.
3:43 – Later in the video, we’ll be trying to connect to the share from the NYDC1 server and we want to ensure that it has access when we do.
3:49 – Notice, for the type of access, I can select read-only or read-write. We’ll leave it on Read/Write and then press OK to exit the dialog.
4:00 – Notice that if the permission “all machines” is selected, the remove button is unavailable and greyed out. This permission cannot be removed, so if you wanted to remove permissions, you will need to change the access to “No Access”. Since we have added NYDC1 into the permissions list, this essentially limits access to ONLY NYDC1.
4:21 – With the share created, and permissions set, we will close the open windows and go back to the Server manager.
4:25 – This step is to connect the new NFS share to Windows. To do this, however, an additional feature is required. Keep in mind that Windows Server and Windows OS versions earlier than 8.1 support this feature, however Windows 8.1 does not have this support built in. If you are using 8.1, you will need additional software to access an NFS share.
Our transcript is too long for YouTube so please see the following link for the rest:
“Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012 R2 Exam Ref 70-410” pg 75
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