Search results “Investment function in banks”
Investment bank and their functions CA Final SFM & CA IPCC FM
Join Telegram "CA Mayank Kothari" https://t.me/joinchat/AAAAAE1xyAre8Jv7G8MAOQ For more details visit http://www.conferenza.in
Views: 9175 CA Mayank Kothari
Investment Banking: Industry Overview and Careers in Investment Banking
Investment banks are notorious for their highly competitive working environment and long working hours for junior employees. Nevertheless, they continue to be seen as one of the prime destinations for talented Business and Finance graduates, given the excitement of working on large deals and the high pay scale that comes with this job. Investment banking operations tend to be more sophisticated than traditional “deposit taking, credit giving” retail banking services. Investment banks work closely with corporate clients, pension funds, financial sponsors and governments to structure and execute some of the largest transactions that we see in the news. On Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/365careers/ On the web: http://www.365careers.com/ On Twitter: https://twitter.com/365careers Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/365careers
Views: 79340 365 Careers
What do investment banks actually do? - MoneyWeek Investment Tutorials
MoneyWeek’s Tim Bennett explains what investment banks actually do- and how they earn their huge profits. MoneyWeek videos are made by MoneyWeek, the UK’s most popular financial magazine. Founded in 2000, MoneyWeek aims to provide intelligent and enjoyable commentary on the most important financial stories. It also tells you how to make money from the latest financial news. For more videos and exclusive content please visit http://moneyweek.com/video-tutorial/
Views: 516744 MoneyWeek
What Is The Function Of Investment?
The investment function is a summary of the variables that influence the levels of aggregate investments. It can be formalized as follows: I=f(r,?Y,q) - + + where r is the real interest rate, Y the GDP and q is Tobins q. Get tips and more useful information on investment banking what is the function of an counselor? Wall jn jr[pubmed indexed mesh termseconomics, medical; Investments 21 jun 2011 services can bankers provide, how senior a formal process involving many simultaneous functions, procedures, learn is, it works, to get into each division serves unique function, but all various groups work so does bank actually do? Several things. Wealth management some of the same banks that perform investment banking functions for fortune 500 businesses also cater to everyday investors function is a summary variables influence levels aggregate tools. What links here related changes upload file special pages permanent link page information wikidata item cite this the investment function meaning, types, determinants and distinction to what extent fall in interest rate will increase depends upon banks perform a variety of functions corporate finance 1)help firms raise capital, through equity or debt 2)advise on their optimal e risks investing companies depend riskiness strategies they employ. What's the role of an investment bank? . Finance functions investment decision, financial decision what do banks do? Bbc newsfunctions of. Uses of what is the function an investment counselor? Ncbi. Investment banking on the gatewaywall street oa wall front office & back what is difference? . What is investment banking? How the banking industry what's front office, middle office and back in an treasury heart of bank. Chief executive what is investment banking? Overview of how the industry works. Importance the level of income, output and definition investment function economics concept which explains how changes in national income induce patterns 3 sep 2012 banking is comprised consumer banking, commercial global corporate asset management 1 aug 2008 banker purchase primary issue from corporation arranges other words, careful analysis it gave me a good idea what bankers do any why there are maily 4 finance functions decision, financial dividend decision liquidity. What are the functions of investment companies? Investment function in an economy importance, types and what is function? Definition meaning banking its crackmbaall about business management. What do investment banks do? Chiefexecutive. What's the role of an investment bank? The function meaning, types, determinants and what is Quora. Below we break down each of the major functions investment bank, and provide a 3 jun 2016 do you really need to work in front office an bank? The back bank refers all that are understanding how bank's treasury department today will help answer what challenges banks' departments facing current banking division is sector more attractive about working equity capital markets over d
Views: 52 Shanell Kahl Tipz
Consumer Banks vs. Investment Banks vs. Merchant Banks
This video gives definitions and explains functions of Consumer Banks, Investment Banks and Merchant Banks! It also gives an example of how all three banks are interconnected. Have fun watching! Cheers.
Views: 120533 Cathi Listmann
EC1002 - 10.2 Investment Functions
Coming in at second place, a country's investment spending contributes to the economy's growth as well. Why so? In more realistic and modern terms, when venture capitalists and entrepreneurs pump money into a certain business or project, it creates jobs for people, resulting in income/output. I mentioned realistic and modern terms because in some textbooks, they give an example of investment that goes like this: a farmer that chooses not to consume his wheat can invest it by planting it in the next harvesting season to grow even more wheat. That is the fundamental concept of investment, taking the fruits of your labor and putting it back into the production line to create more fruits. But that's a freakin' confusing way of looking at it. Here at Quickienomics, we believe in simplicity which leads to better understanding. For your general knowledge, investment in macroeconomic theory refers to: - Non-Residential Investment: Firms buying machines for production - Residential Investment: Households buying houses or property for speculative purposes - Inventory Investment: Firms NOT SELLING some of their remaining stock to sell in the future (Inflation leads to higher earnings for them) Okay, I know that there are some of you investment savvy people going like, "Hey, where the hell are the stocks, shares, bonds, options, futures, commodities, etc??????" Chill, that will be covered in the Liquid Assets market and they will all be termed under BONDS. So we will get to that later. Similarly to consumption, there will be a certain amount of investment that had to made no matter what income the firm or household is earning. That's called autonomous investment. No matter what, people have to live in houses right? No matter what, firms will need a certain number of machines to operate right? Right... But here's the thing, income does not affect investment (For the introductory level of economics, yes. You will learn how income affects investment next year, for UOL students). So what affects investment DECISIONS then? It is the real interest rates that determine the decisions made by investors. Real interest: Simple term for now. It's basically the normal interest rates that banks are offering you for putting in your money their vaults LESS the inflation rate. (The inflation rate is the rate of how much prices rise, it's a pretty disliked thing....) So what do interest rates affect investment decisions? Okay, you know that by investing, you expect to get a certain return from it right? You have to! If you don't, then why did you invest in the first place? So this is what affects investment decisions: REAL INTEREST RATES VERSUS RETURN FROM INVESTMENT. Here's the good news: you only have to look at the interest rates. Why? Well look at it this way, - If interest rates fell, it would be more attractive putting my money into investments because I might get a higher return - If interest rates rose, it would be more attractive to put my money in the bank so that I can earn interest income See, it's all about opportunity cost. For the full tutorial, watch here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_WVr7xgmYYg
Views: 11146 Quickienomics
Investment vs. Consumption I
The difference between consumption and investment?
Views: 2461 Khan Academy
Types of Banks - Banking
In this video we will explore different types of banks. Learn about various types of banks like: Retail Banks Commercial banks Cooperative banks Investment Banks Specialized banks Central banks Why we need different types of banks - Meaning
Views: 21792 TechnoFunc
What is Investment Banking in HINDI || Investment Banker ?| Highest Paying Jobs in India | World
What is Investment Banking in HINDI || Investment Banker ?| Highest Paid Jobs in India | World. If you want to know about Investment Banking then this video is for you in this video we have explained what is Investment Banking and Why it is called the Highest Paid Career in India as well as in the World. So If you want to know how you can become Investment Banker then You Must see Part 2 of this Video where we have explained How you can become Investment Banker. Links to the Part 2 Video is here - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qAKODfJZV9M&t=3s Do Like and Share it as much as you can in all your Facebook and Whatssap Groups for other people help too. Dont Forget to Subscribe If you haven't yet. YOU MAY INTERESTED IN OUR MBA AND OTHER COURSES RELATED VIDEO PLAYLIST's IN HINDI:- ►Everything About MBA in India - https://goo.gl/wGD8NM ✔ ►Top College Rankings - https://goo.gl/LEFzun ✔ ►All about Investment Banking - https://goo.gl/Hk1rix ✔ ►Financial Certification in Hindi - https://goo.gl/sKPqod ✔ ►Internship and Apprenticeship Video in Hindi - https://goo.gl/RCBqBY ✔ ►MCA Course Detail Hindi - https://goo.gl/bxntn3 ✔ ►After 12th Best Courses for Science, Commerce and Arts - https://goo.gl/rVMcTR ✔ ►BCA Course Related Video in Hindi - https://goo.gl/wsCM2G ✔ ►BTech Course Related Video in Hindi - https://goo.gl/DqvfGF ✔ ►Fastest and Easiest Way to Learn English - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GF5OHAZcW0k ✔ ► How to Get Education LOAN in INDIA - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DoluUHBZ1zw ✔ ► MBA INDIA VS MBA ABROAD - WHICH IS BEST ? - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ufgd8pkvtjE ✔ ► Highest Paying Careers in India - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GF5OHAZcW0k ✔ WATCH OUR BEST VIDEOS RELATED TO INTERESTING FACTS & OPINIONS [HINDI] ►Padmavati controversy in 5 minutes :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ar_orIiwQqU&t=2s ✔ ►North Korea vs USA Nuclear War :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HrJkIqc3lB8&t=1s ✔ ►Kamlesh Viral Video Truth :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-t0u81Tpt0&t=2s ✔ ►Dangal Girl Zaira Wasim Issue :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9z7MHSKG14&t=28s ✔ ►Countries where Education is free for Indians - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDNG6H5qRA0&t=2s ✔ BUY OUR RECORDING GEAR AT DISCOUNTED PRICES:- External Recording Blue Mic -http://amzn.to/2ynJOSn My Nikon Dslr d5600 - http://amzn.to/2ynN7sV My Collar Mic- http://amzn.to/2x3LAEf ABOUT US :- Praveen Dilliwala is a youth oriented Review Channel Where you will get Videos related to Education,Opinions, Jobs, Motivational, Interesting Facts and also I will share my experience about these things. Our Motto is to provide unbiased and right information so that you make informed decision. Follow us Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/PraveenDilliwala Twitter - https://twitter.com/praveendiliwala Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/praveendilliwala Subscribe Here- https://www.youtube.com/PraveenDilliwala
Views: 103747 Praveen Dilliwala
Treasury Introduction: Lesson - 1
This section covers the importance of Islamic Treasury and how it functions in Islamic financial institutions.
Views: 18844 Marifa Academy
#3 | IS LM | macroeconomics | investment function equation | bcom | Eco h |
Views: 1003 Chandan Poddar
Theory of Investment
Jonathan Lopez explains the theory behind intelligent investing.
Views: 4504 mrgoldenxv
Eduardo Mestre, Senior Managing Director - Evercore
OneWire (http://www.onewire.com/videos) interviews Eduardo Mestre, Senior Managing Director of Evercore, in the latest installment to the Open Door video series with Skiddy von Stade. "At the end of the day, clients still need Wall Street, certainly in terms of raising capital—that's a classical function—and also in terms of advice...the fundamentals are still there, but I think the industry is certainly in transition..and it may be in that state for a while as we get the complete fallout from what was a very difficult time for the industry." Born in Cuba, Eduardo Mestre immigrated to the United States at age 11 to attend boarding school. After graduating from Yale and earning a JD from Harvard Law School, Eduardo practiced law at Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton. From there, he was recruited by Salomon Brothers, a client at the time, where he joined the Corporate Finance team for Latin America. Eduardo eventually rose to become the co-head of mergers and acquisitions at Salomon Smith Barney and then the head of investment banking, where he headed up integration efforts that led to the establishment of Citigroup. Subsequently, he served as Chairman of Citigroup's global investment bank. In 2004, Eduardo joined Evercore, a leading investment banking advisory firm. He currently serves as Senior Managing Director and Chairman of Global Advisory. Eduardo also serves on the boards of Avis Budget Group and Comcast. OneWire New York, New York http://www.onewire.com
Views: 11557 OneWire
Banking 1 | Money, banking and central banks  | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
Introduction to how banks make money and the value they (potentially) add to society. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/money-and-banking/banking-and-money/v/banking-2-a-bank-s-income-statement?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: We all use money and most of us use banks. Despite this, the actual working of the banking system is a bit of a mystery to most (especially fractional reserve banking). This older tutorial (bad handwriting and resolution) starts from a basic society looking to do more than barter and incrementally builds to a modern society with fraction reserve banking. Through this process, you will hopefully gain a deep understanding of how money and banking works in our modern world. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 821380 Khan Academy
Introduction to Treasury Management Process
Treasury management has become a specialized function and in today’s context, treasuries are expected to perform many critical functions. Effectively using treasury management with cash management and trade finance products brings tangible benefits to both corporate and financial institutions. If managed properly, it can significantly reducing financial risks; ensures that the enterprise has sufficient liquidity for payments that are due and to monitor payment flows and helps by implementing strategies that lead to the best borrowing rates and lower investment costs. Advanced Treasury systems can provide a whole host of benefits to a corporate treasury. Explore all these exciting concepts covered in a very simple and understandable language in this video. The learning objectives of this capsule are: • The learning objectives of this capsule are: • Learn the meaning of Treasury Management • Financial Risk Management • Cash Management • Loans and Investment Management • Understand how treasury function is organized • Learn about various Treasury Management Systems • Benefits of Treasury Management In this section we will start with helping you understand the definition and concepts pertaining to Treasury Management. This video is very useful for any student or professional interested in learning about Treasury management as a practice area and a process. This video is very useful for finance professionals who want to build their financial operational expertise. Information Technology professionals working on ERP implementations and those who want to build their functional expertise are certainly going to benefit from this lesson. Please watch and don’t forget to share your feedback either as comments or by writing to us at [email protected]
Views: 59539 TechnoFunc
Money and Finance: Crash Course Economics #11
So, we've been putting off a kind of basic question here. What is money? What is currency? How are the two different. Well, not to give away too much, but money has a few basic functions. It acts as a store of value, a medium of exchange, and as a unit of account. Money isn't just bills and coins. It can be anything that meets these three criteria. In US prisons, apparently, pouches of Mackerel are currency. Yes, mackerel the fish. Paper and coins work as money because they're backed by the government, which is an advantage over mackerel. So, once you've got money, you need finance. We'll talk about borrowing, lending, interest, and stocks and bonds. Also, this episode features a giant zucchini, which Adriene grew in her garden. So that's cool. Special thanks to Dave Hunt for permission to use his PiPhone video. this guy really did make an artisanal smartphone! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8eaiNsFhtI8 Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Fatima Iqbal, Penelope Flagg, Eugenia Karlson, Alex S, Jirat, Tim Curwick, Christy Huddleston, Eric Kitchen, Moritz Schmidt, Today I Found Out, Avi Yashchin, Chris Peters, Eric Knight, Jacob Ash, Simun Niclasen, Jan Schmid, Elliot Beter, Sandra Aft, SR Foxley, Ian Dundore, Daniel Baulig, Jason A Saslow, Robert Kunz, Jessica Wode, Steve Marshall, Anna-Ester Volozh, Christian, Caleb Weeks, Jeffrey Thompson, James Craver, and Markus Persson -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 625459 CrashCourse
Investment vs. consumption 1 | Finance & Capital Markets | Khan Academy
The difference between investment and consumption. Created by Sal Khan. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/investment-vehicles-tutorial/investment-consumption/v/investment-vs-consumption-2?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Missed the previous lesson? Watch here: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/investment-vehicles-tutorial/investment-consumption/v/return-on-capital?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=financeandcapitalmarkets Finance and capital markets on Khan Academy: When are you using capital to create more things (investment) vs. for consumption (we all need to consume a bit to be happy). When you do invest, how do you compare risk to return? Can capital include human abilities? This tutorial hodge-podge covers it all. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s Finance and Capital Markets channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQ1Rt02HirUvBK2D2-ZO_2g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 78941 Khan Academy
EC1002 Chapter 10 Lesson 2 - Investment Functions [Full]
Welcome to the Real Quickienomics. You are watching the full version of EC1002 Introduction to Economics Chapter 10 Lesson 2 - Investment Functions. Key Topics: - Understand the concept of Investment - Identify what types of expenditure are investments - Identify 3 types of Macroeconomics investments - Understand how firms/individuals make investment decisions - The Investment function - Understand how Investment affects aggregate expenditure, hence income - Variations of the Investment Function
Views: 347 Quickienomics
Savings Vs Investments
What is the difference between a savings vehicle and an investment vehicle? The answer may be obvious, but we do not focus enough on the difference in our financial planning. Too often we take money that we are unwilling to lose and put it at risk in investment vehicles. What do the wealthy do? They certainly do not put all their money at risk. They also do not take unnecessary risk. The wealthy put money into safe savings vehicles, and then use those safe vehicles to fund investments when they have calculated opportunities that they know will be profitable. This way, they continue to keep their money safe. The number one rule of investing is don't lose money. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Learn everything you need to know, and more, about the Infinite Banking Concept and high cash value life insurance by signing up for our free videos and books at... http://BankingforLife.org/Infinite-Banking/ Also, don't forget, you can learn also purchase my newest book, "The Simple Banking System." Get it on Amazon - http://www.amazon.com/Simple-Banking-System-insurance-investment/dp/1490911340/ref=sr_1_1_bnp_1_pap?ie=UTF8&qid=1373875495&sr=8-1&keywords=the+simple+banking+system Or on Kindle - http://www.amazon.com/The-Simple-Banking-System-ebook/dp/B00DUYBUWU/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1373875495&sr=8-1&keywords=the+simple+banking+system
Views: 6278 Semi-Logical
Banking Explained – Money and Credit
Banks are a riddle wrapped up in an enigma. We all kind of know that they do stuff with money we don’t understand, while the last crisis left a feeling of deep mistrust and confusion. We try to shed a bit of light onto the banking system. Why were banks invented, why did they cause the last crisis and are there alternatives? The music from the video is available here! http://epicmountainmusic.bandcamp.com/track/banking http://soundcloud.com/epicmountain/banking http://www.epic-mountain.com Visit us on our Website, Twitter, Facebook, Patreon or Behance to say hi! http://kurzgesagt.org https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://twitter.com/Kurz_Gesagt http://www.patreon.com/Kurzgesagt http://www.behance.net/Kurzgesagt Banking Explained – Money and Credit Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
Investment function#part2
Autonomous,induced. Ex ante expost. Etc
Money, Banking, & Public Finance - Intro to Political Economy, Lecture8
https://sites.duke.edu/intrope/ Richard Salsman is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science COURSE OVERVIEW: Introduction to Political Economy is a self-contained and nontechnical overview of the intellectual history of political economy, the logic of microeconomics, and the definitions used in macroeconomics. It introduces the notion of a political economy, emphasizing the moral and ethical problems that markets solve, and fail to solve. This lecture is taught by Richard Salsman, Ph.D.. LECTURE OVERVIEW: 1. Money -- functions & forms -- metal, paper, plastic and bits -- market-based versus fiat-based 2. Banking -- financial intermediation -- types; depository, commercial, investment -- free banking versus central banking 3. Public Finance -- funding of government spending -- taxing, borrowing and money-creation -- deficits, debts and unfunded entitlements -- fiscal rectitude versus fiscal profligacy READINGS: Selgin, George, and Lawrence White. 1987. “The Evolution of a Free Banking System.” Economic Inquiry. Volume 25, Issue 3, pages 439–457. The Importance of the Dollar as World Currency (Podcast with Barry Eichengreen) (http://www.econtalk.org/archives/2011/06/eichengreen_on.html) Surowiecki, James, “A Brief History of Money,” (http://spectrum.ieee.org/at-work/innovation/a-brief-history-of-money) Subscribe to our YouTube Channel for more! Follow us at https://twitter.com/dukepolisci Like us at https://facebook.com/dukepolisci Follow us at https://instagram.com/dukepolisci Produced by Shaun King, Duke University Department of Political Science Multimedia Specialist
Understanding Investment Banking
Source : Société Générale CIB Taking a concrete example of a company with a project to build a new generation of wind turbines, this educational video explains the services provided by a corporate and investment bank which enable the project to see the day. The four main services offered include providing strategic advice, organising the financing, helping the client manage financial risk and offering appropriate investment solutions. In this way, Societe Generale plays a role in financing the economy. In French : Banque de Financement & d'Investissement (BFI) En partant d'un cas concret d'une société qui a un projet de bâtir une nouvelle génération d'éoliennes, cette vidéo pédagogique explique comment une banque de financement et d'investissement apporte des services qui permettent au projet de voir le jour. Les quatre grands services proposés consistent à apporter des conseils stratégiques, organiser le financement, accompagner le client dans la gestion des risques financiers et trouver des solutions d'investissement adaptées. C'est ainsi que Société Générale contribue au financement de l'économie réelle.
Views: 282213 QUANT GEN
Excel Shortcuts Investment Banking: Quick Tips
You’ll get a quick, but very powerful, tip on how to optimize your Excel setup with the Quick Access Toolbar (QAT) and custom shortcuts in this tutorial. These tips will save you a ton of time when creating valuations, organizing data, and doing any formatting exercise. http://breakingintowallstreet.com/ "Financial Modeling Training And Career Resources For Aspiring Investment Bankers" Shortcuts Introduced: These are all BUILT-IN shortcuts: Alt, T, O: Options Menu Alt, H, FC: Font Color Alt, H, FS: Font Size Alt, H, H: Fill Color Alt, H, A, C: Center Alt, H, B: Borders Alt, H, O, I: AutoFit Column Width Alt, H, O, W: Column Width Alt, H, 0: Increase Decimal Places Alt, H, 9: Decrease Decimal Places These are the NEW shortcuts you can create via the Quick Access Toolbar: Alt, 1: Font Color Alt, 2: Font Size Alt, 3: Fill Color Alt, 4: Center Alt, 5: Borders Alt, 6: AutoFit Column Width Alt, 7: Column Width Alt, 8: Increase Decimal Places Alt, 9: Decrease Decimal Places Lesson Outline: Many Excel shortcuts that you use repeatedly when creating valuations, models and when formatting data are cumbersome to enter. Something as simple as changing the font color takes 4 keystrokes – Alt, H, F, C – if you use the built-in method for it. Other common commands such as alignment, fill colors, borders, and column widths also take 3-4 keystrokes. A more efficient alternative is to set up the Quick Access Toolbar (QAT) so that you can access the most common commands with shortcuts like Alt, 1 instead. You can either import our file (see the link below under RESOURCES) or go to the Options menu (Alt, T, O) and then the Quick Access Toolbar tab, and create the menu yourself. We recommend setting “Font Color” in position #1, followed by Font Size, Fill Color, Center, Borders, AutoFit Column Width, Column Width, and Increase and Decrease Decimal places. These are some of the most frequently used commands in Excel, and you’ll save a ton of time with the new, shorter versions. A command like AutoFit Column Width that used to take 4 keystrokes now takes only 2 (Alt, 6) with this approach. You might realize 30-40% time savings when working in Excel if you use this full set of shortcuts. They’re especially useful for formatting and analyzing data and doing the initial setup in financial models. RESOURCES: https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Excel-QAT-Export.exportedUI https://youtube-breakingintowallstreet-com.s3.amazonaws.com/Excel-Shortcuts-Investment-Banking-Slides.pdf
#66, Concepts of investment multiplier(Class 12 macroeconomics)
Class 12 macroeconomics.... Income determination and multiplier ... Concepts of investment multiplier..... Contact for my book 7690041256 Economics on your tips video 66
Views: 188754 Economics on your tips
Different between of function the Commercial Banks, and Central Bank
Hello Everybody. and Good Day to all of you, This is a part of my presentation for my assignment Principles of Economic. I have to talk about Difference between the function of Commercial Bank and Central Bank I am from University of Kuala Lumpur Business School,My pleasure need all of you that watch my video for likes my video. This is my assignment that my lecturer give up to ours to get a 200 likes. Thank you. I hopes all of you give some of the cooperation to likes my video. #my english is not very well. sorry
Views: 1190 Fatini Zahra
Meet our Graduates: Diana, UBS Investment Bank in London | UBS Graduates
UBS Graduate Training Programs help prepare talented graduates for an engaging career at UBS and for employment within a target function. Looking for a great place to begin your career? Explore our programs for university students and recent graduates and visit www.UBS.com/graduates. As a graduate at UBS, you'll experience a business-specific development pathway that includes on and off the job learning opportunities, as well as mentoring and networking opportunities. In this video, you'll experience a typical work day for Diana, a graduate in UBS Investment Bank Investor Client Services. Diana went to the University of Cambridge , New Hall College and studied physics, specializing in engineering. She chose to work in UBS to explore new avenues thereby helping her grow as an individual. Don't forget to subscribe to our YouTube channel for an exclusive selection of videos about the world of UBS. Find expert advice, culture, sports, financial services and more at https://www.youtube.com/user/UBSglobal Also, for up-to-date financial news, as well as information on UBS and our services around the globe, visit our website at https://www.UBS.com.
Views: 21873 UBS
Saving Vs investment- explained with example ( Hindi/Urdu)
This video is about the difference between saving and investments.An example is presented to show the outcome of both. i have told different method of saving like Fixed deposit, savings account etc. and a different method of investments like mutual funds, a stock market etc. Like the page: https://www.facebook.com/Investment-sutra-1890217701200736/
Views: 318 Investment Sutra
19. Investment Banks
Financial Markets (2011) (ECON 252) Professor Shiller characterizes investment banking by contrasting it to consulting, commercial banking, and securities trading. Then, in order to see the essence of investment banking, he reviews some of the principles that John Whitehead, the former chairman of Goldman Sachs, has formulated. These principles are the basis for a discussion of the substantial power that investment bankers have, and their role in society. Government regulation of these powerful investment banks has been a thorny issue for many years, and especially so now since they played a significant role in world financial crisis of the 2000s. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Key Elements of Investment Banking 09:50 - Chapter 2. Principles and Culture of Investment Banking 16:54 - Chapter 3. Regulation of Investment Banking 27:21 - Chapter 4. Shadow Banking and the Repo Market 33:04 - Chapter 5. Founger: From ECON 252 to Wall Street 46:24 - Chapter 6. Fougner: Steps to Take Today to Work on Wall Street 53:49 - Chapter 7. Fougner: From Wall Street to Silicon Valley, Experiences at Facebook 57:56 - Chapter 8. Fougner: Question and Answer Session Complete course materials are available at the Yale Online website: online.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Views: 295487 YaleCourses
#63, linear consumption & saving function,schedule (Class 12 macroeconomics)
Class 12 macroeconomics... Aggregate Demandand related concepts... Linear consumption function... Linear saving function.... Schedule to fill... Contact for my book 7690041256 Economics on your tips video 63
Views: 137173 Economics on your tips
Thinkers IAS : World Bank Group, IBRD, IDA, MIGA, IFC, ICSID, Functions, Achievements
Click here to subscribe for IAS 2017 course, http://imojo.in/9j3m72 Click here to subscribe for IAS 2016 course, http://imojo.in/7h9v6t (If you are appearing for Mains this time, this is the perfect course for you) If you have any doubts, Please contact us, [email protected] In Prelims, 2016, 48 question directly came from this course.(We provided Quick revision videos on Current affairs exclusively for Prelims, 2016 along with the course, 27 hour Revision lectures covered whopping 48 questions!!!!) Check yourself, here is the link, https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B0-IqdmNZktYM2F4d0tBWnNlV0E/view?usp=sharing Visit website : www.thinkersias.com facebook : www.facebook.com/thinkersias Current affairs course: Video lecture series on Weekly current affairs analysis for UPSC IAS 2017 batch aspirants Our Current affairs analysis course is the most comprehensive course with High quality, rich and comprehensive video lecture series for UPSC IAS Preparation. In Prelims, 2016, 48 question directly came from this course.(We provided Quick revision videos on Current affairs exclusively for Prelims, 2016 along with the course, 27 hour Revision lectures covered whopping 48 questions!!!!) Duration: May, 2016 to December 2016 (8 months) Course structure Every current affairs topic will be analyzed from Prelims, Mains and Interview point of view wherever appropriate, with an integrated approach. We do not believe in piecemeal approach. Integrated approach is the key to success and that is exactly what we would provide you through this course. Course structure includes – Every week, current affairs topics will be discussed with background information and importance is given to link the current affairs topic to static subjects like, Polity, Economy, Environment etc., this will equip you to frame better and quality answers in the mains examination and to avoid mistakes in the prelims examination. Every week current affairs topics are analyzed under following broad categories, 1. Polity, Governance, Administration and Ethics 2. History, Culture, Society, Rights issues 3. Geography, Agriculture, Environment and Ecology 4. International relations, India and Neighborhood 5. Indian Economy 6. Science and Technology On an average 25 to 30 videos are uploaded every week with video duration of 7 to 20 minutes depending upon the current affairs topic. That, amounts to 100 to 120 videos per month. There are highly productive lectures and every efforts are made to facilitate more learning with less time. Course videos are hosted on a dedicated website www.thinkersias.com with user friendly interface for easy navigation between different sections, weeks and months which helps in easy revision of current affairs topics PDF slides of videos are provided for easy revision. Please note • Please Provide valid email address while making payment • Username and password will be provided within 24 hours after registration • Course starts from August 16th, 2016 • Free revision videos on Current affairs (May, 2016 to December, 2016) will be provided exclusively for Prelims, 2017 in the month of December • Video links are active till December 2017, later it will be disabled. Videos cannot be downloaded, but, you can watch the videos online for any number of times For free Video lectures and study materials on UPSC IAS Preparation, Please visit, Website : www.thinkersias.com Youtube Channel : Thinkers IAS (www.youtube.com/upscgeneralstudies) For any doubts - Please feel free to contact [email protected] Thank you, Thinkers IAS
Views: 13965 Thinkers IAS
Keynesian economics | Aggregate demand and aggregate supply | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
Contrasting Keynesian and Classical Thinking Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/aggregate-supply-demand-topic/keynesian-thinking/v/risks-of-keynesian-thinking?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/aggregate-supply-demand-topic/monetary-fiscal-policy/v/tax-lever-of-fiscal-policy?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 673256 Khan Academy
Types of Investment in India (in Hindi) - A glimpse on Indian Financial Market
This video gives an information regarding: What is Investment? Why Investment is important? Types of Investment instruments available in Indian Markets? When to start Investment? This is our first video to provide knowledge on financial management. If you think this video is good, please like and share with your friends. Do not forget to subscribe our channel and hit the bell icon so that you may get updated notification for next video. If you need any assistance in financial planning or if you want to start any the investment but you are not sure how to start, you can write to us on '[email protected]' and we will revert back to your query... Thanks again for watching...have a great day ahead!!!!
Views: 5354 Investment Adv
Asian Development Bank
Views: 5199 STUDY IAS
From Bad Investments to Capital Requirements - How safe are Europe's banks? | Made in Germany
According to Sascha Steffen, Professor at the European School of Management and Technology (ESMT), toxic assets and failed investments are threatening the security of European banks. We speak with him about the risks facing European lenders and about the currency upheavals in emerging markets. More: http://www.dw.de/made-in-germany-the-business-magazine-2014-02-11/e-17376989-9798
Views: 491 DW English
(B.COM/B.A) Q No 7(Macro) Credit creation or money creation by Commercial banks.
Q No 7(Macro) Credit creation by Commercial banks .If u really thinks this initiative is worth doing...then..like , share and subscribe..it keeps me MOTIVATED....so that i can put up some more videos as early as possible... Download notes for this video here - https://www.tips4economics.in/2018/06/qn-6-define-money-and-its-functions.html Recommended Books for Imp Question - Micro Economics - https://amzn.to/2DoS4FC Macro Economics - https://amzn.to/2Dq03lH ________________________________________________________________ Follow us on social media - Join our Whatsapp Group +918929298297 Send name, state, course and which group would you like to be added i.e Micro OR Macro economics. Facebook Myself - https://www.facebook.com/bharats.bisht.1232 Facebook (tips 4 economics) - https://www.facebook.com/Tips-4-Economics-977503552403783/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tips4economics?s=03 Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/Tips4Economicsindia/
Views: 13913 Tips 4 Economics
#21 | Investment Multiplier (Part :1)
To watch complete series login www.vidyakul.com Contact at 9871670057 . To buy book Authored by Chandan Poddar Contact at 8010201786. Grooming Education Academy , Kamla Nagar Contact at 9582820429 . https://www.vidyakul.com/course/class-12-economics
Views: 6350 Chandan Poddar
What Do You Mean By Induced Investment?
Definition of induced investment. : investment in inventories and equipment which is derived from and varies with changes in final output —distinguished from autonomous investment. Hence, this concludes the definition of to invest is allocate money in expectation some benefit future, for example, code hammurabi (around 1700 bc) provided a legal framework investment, establishing means pledge collateral by codifying debtor when making comparisons, p e ratio can give you refined view what induced investment? What does investment mean finance? Finally, farlex brings all rules english grammar, one place, schedule Thus, more rapid rate growth national income, higher level could get traditional business loan from bank or land venture it not that change at allInduced Definition and meaning types autonomous. I f(y) 22 dec 2014 the inducing factors are changes in income and profit. Autonomous and induced investment letslearnfinance. Where there is a it does not mean that autonomous investment change at all 16 jun 2011 meaning and types of investment, article posted by gaurav akrani on which with the changes in income level, called as induced. Induced investment financial definition of induced. Usually, investment decision is governed by output and or the rate of interest. If investment does not depend either induced meaning, definition, what is money invested by businesses as a result of demand investmentnoun [ u ] 7 dec 2014 meaning in economics, means the new expenditure incurred on this will induce to and vice versa. Induced investment meaning in the cambridge english dictionaryautonomous investopediadefinition of induced by merriam amosweb is economics encyclonomic web function meaning, types, determinants and autonomous general? Meaning types. Definition of induced investment effected by a growing national if your business is nursing new idea along but you need additional funding to 13 apr 2017 definition the capital that influenced income and amount profit firm can generate may be autonomous. It must be noted that a part of the investment is meant for depreciation capital asset 5 dec 2010 in simple words refers to purchasing some can classified as either autonomous or induced 28 aug 2017 adorable animal families will make you 'aww' understanding what constitutes an it easier have novelty than necessity, this means if economy should begin wane and examples expenditures include consumption expenditures, often hold off on new goods, reducing. Example of an induced expenditure concept investment expenditures types autonomous definition mba skool wikipedia. What is an induced investment? (with picture) wisegeek. Investment schedule financial definition of investment scheduleworld. Induced investment? Definition and meaning what is induced business investment types autonomous. The alternative to induced investment is autonomous investment, which does not depend on income hence this called financial affect aggregate in the words of joan robinson, by meant
Views: 268 Shanell Kahl Tipz
How The Stock Exchange Works (For Dummies)
Why are there stocks at all? Everyday in the news we hear about the stock exchange, stocks and money moving around the globe. Still, a lot of people don't have an idea why we have stock markets at all, because the topic is usually very dry. We made a short video about the basics of the stock exchanges. With robots. Robots are kewl! Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, the Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt How the Stock Exchange works Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
The concept of money - Part 1 - full session of 2.5 hrs - Sandeep Manudhane sir
This is the full session, as part of latest Knowledge Booster series, a part of comprehensive UPSC preparation course. Our entire course is in bilingual mode - English + Hindi - making it EXTREMELY EASY to understand. POWER NOTES of several pages, made from deep research, are dictated in each session. हिंदी और अंग्रेज़ी में एक साथ पढ़ने से कॉन्सेप्ट्स अत्यंत सरलता से समझ में आ जाते हैं और लम्बे समय तक याद भी रहते हैं। You can enrol in our SELF-PREP COURSE online here - http://www.PTeducation.com/UPSC.aspx Prepare for UPSC IAS exam right at your home! Full HD video solution, printed courseware, mentoring solution from PT's IAS Academy. Ideal for all ambitious students especially girls, small town students, cost-conscious students, and those who value their time, energy, effort and money. हमसे जुड़ने का एक निर्णय आपका जीवन बदल सकता है! ============================================ This is an ACTUAL learning course No hollow entertainment. Only serious learning No frivolous empty motivational talks. Genuine skill building No substandard teachers. Highest quality English+Hindi capable experts No outdated 1980s and 90s stuff. Latest pattern of 2016-17 covered ACTUAL LEARNING AND SKILL BUILDING FOR CRACKING UPSC EXAM PT's IAS ACADMEY - no one comes close! ============================================ All our courses, here : https://pteducation.com/courses/ For new content regularly, you can also link up with us on BLOG : http://BrightSparks.PTeducation.com FACEBOOK : www.Facebook.com/Sandeep.Manudhane.Educationist and QUORA : www.Quora.com/Sandeep-Manudhane We keep posting lot of content there. For Exams Analyses, excellent pages here : http://ias.pteducation.com/UPSCexamAnalyses.aspx (for UPSC) and http://www.pteducation.com/MBAtestanalyses/ (for MBA entrance)
Views: 188223 PT education HQ
Money supply and demand impacting interest rates | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
Examples showing how various factors can affect interest rates Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/income-and-expenditure-topic/MPC-tutorial/v/mpc-and-multiplier?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/monetary-system-topic/interest-price-of-money-tutorial/v/interest-as-rent-for-money?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 238401 Khan Academy
Learn the basic concepts of investment
No matter what stage you are in life, investing is an important step in building your future. Watch this video to learn Investment Horizon, Risk & Risk Profiling, Diversification and Asset Allocation, so you will be equipped with the basic investment concepts as you start your investment journey. To know more about investing, you may schedule an appointment by clicking this link: https://www.bpiassetmanagement.com/pages/free-financial-planning-consultation You may also get in touch with our Investment Counselors/Investment Specialists through: Telephone Numbers: (02) 816-9676, (02) 816-9032, (02) 845-9676 Email: [email protected] Website: www.bpiassetmanagement.com
Investment Function Debunked - Fiscal Multiplier Debunked
Point to point differences along lines on a graph, may or may not represent change/increments. Economists use the ambiguity to make it appear that they are using change and increments, when in fact they are not. --- 1) Aggregate Expenditure Model: https://ctaar.rutgers.edu/gag/NOTES/macnotes6.html 2) Nouriel Roubini and David Backus Lectures in Macroeconomics Chapter 9. The IS/LM Model http://people.stern.nyu.edu/nroubini/NOTES/CHAP9.HTM
Views: 32 MrTugwit
Oakbay investments workers deny sending an open letter to banks
The Gupta family owned Oakbay investments has confirmed that its staff members have sent an open letter to major South African banks pleading for the company's bank accounts to remain open. For more News visit: http://www.sabc.co.za/news
Views: 925 SABC Digital News
Financial Market & its Types | Primary & Secondary Market | Exams
Exam Kabila is providing latest Content in English and hindi. Important Lectures and Notes for Banking, bank, IBPS PO and Clerk, MBA, BBA, Other Finance Exams, Management Papers, SBI, Railways, SSC, LIC AAO, , IAS, UPSC, CDS, Railways, NDA, State PCS, CLAT and all other similar government competitive examinations. A financial market is a broad term describing any marketplace where buyers and sellers participate in the trade of assets such as equities, bonds, currencies and derivatives. e.g., a stock exchange or commodity exchange. # Types of Financial Market #Capital markets # Stock markets, #Bond markets, #OTC #Commodity markets #Money markets, #Derivatives markets, #Futures markets, #Foreign exchange markets, #Spot market #Interbanks market #Credit market #Cash market 1. capital markets: Capital markets are markets for buying and selling equity and debt instruments. Capital markets channel savings and investment between suppliers of capital such as retail investors and institutional investors, and users of capital like businesses, government and individuals. The capital markets may also be divided into primary markets and secondary markets. A. primary markets: Newly formed (issued) securities are bought or sold in primary markets, such as during initial public offerings. The transactions in primary markets exist between issuers and investors B. secondary markets. : Secondary markets allow investors to buy and sell existing securities. secondary market transactions exist among investors. a. Stock Market Stock markets allow investors to buy and sell shares in publicly traded companies. Any subsequent trading of stock securities occurs in the secondary market. b. Over-The-Counter Market An OTC market handles the exchanging of public stocks not listed on the NASDAQ, New York Stock Exchange etc. c. Bond Markets A bond is a security in which an investor loans money for a defined period of time at a pre-established rate of interest. Bond markets, which provide financing through the issuance of bonds, and enable the subsequent trading thereof. Money Market A money market is a portion of the financial market that trades highly liquid and short-term maturities. Derivatives Market The derivatives market is a financial market that trades securities that derive its value from its underlying asset. Forex Market The forex market is a financial market where currencies are traded. This financial market is the most liquid market in the world as cash is the most liquid of assets. Spot/Cash Market A cash market is a marketplace for the immediate settlement of transactions involving commodities and securities. Interbank Market The interbank market is the financial system and trading of currencies among banks and financial institutions Equity Market The market in which shares are issued and traded, either through exchanges or over-the-counter markets. It is Also known as the stock market Commodity Market' A commodity market is a physical or virtual marketplace for buying, selling and trading raw or primary products,
Views: 99266 ExamKabila
In this video you have a great opportunity to learn major features of money market instruments in 5 minutes examples. T-BILLS, CD, CP, CALL MONEY, NOTICE MONEY and it is a very important part of competitive exam IBPS PO, SBI, SSC, CGL,SBI,RBI, CLERK and STATE LEVEL EXAMS Adda 247 is a collaboration of bankersadda.com and sscadda.com, a unique platform created for bank and SSC jobs. Videos on adda247 are educational videos focused on IBPS, Bank PO, Bank Clerk and SSC, SSC CGL and Other government jobs!
CLARIFICATION: Silver/Gold Ratio (Function Vs Fiat)
New to ITM Trading? Get your FREE ITM INVESTMENT GUIDE: http://info.itmtrading.com/thanks-yt-free-guide/?ytv=PBM06262018 Link to Slides and Sources: Slide #10 https://www.silverdoctors.com/gold/gold-news/chart-of-the-day-deutsche-mark-silver-during-weimar-hyperinflation/ CC BY-SA 3.0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1080917 http://foundationsofecon.blogspot.com/2011/09/german-hyperinflation.html Slide #11 https://www.silverdoctors.com/gold/gold-news/chart-of-the-day-deutsche-mark-silver-during-weimar-hyperinflation/ CC BY-SA 3.0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1080917 http://foundationsofecon.blogspot.com/2011/09/german-hyperinflation.html Slide #12 https://www.silverdoctors.com/gold/gold-news/chart-of-the-day-deutsche-mark-silver-during-weimar-hyperinflation/ CC BY-SA 3.0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1080917 http://foundationsofecon.blogspot.com/2011/09/german-hyperinflation.html And if you want to know what to actually DO about all of this, that's what we specialize in. How do you protect your wealth for the next collapse? Yes Gold and Silver, but what types? What strategy? And what long term plan? If you're asking these questions you're already ahead of the game. We'd love to assist you as it is our mission to safeguard you from the inevitable downfall of the dollar. Call Us Today or (if it's after business hours) leave us a message at: 877-410-1414 You can also email us at: [email protected] For Instant Updates and Important News, please follow us on: https://www.ITMTrading.com https://twitter.com/itmtrading https://twitter.com/itmtrading_zang https://facebook.com/ITMTrading By ITM Trading's Lynette Zang ITM Trading Inc. © Copyright, 1995 - 2018 All Rights Reserved.
Views: 23564 ITM Trading
The multiplier effect in the simple Keynesian model:   A change in investment spending
Demonstrate the multiplier in the simple Keynesian model through a change in invesment spending
Views: 188619 lostmy1